航空煤油储运过程中质量保障有关问题探讨

1. 中国石油大学(北京)机械与储运工程学院· 油气管道输送安全国家工程实验室· 石油工程教育部重点实验室· 城市油气输配技术北京市重点实验室· 石油燃料商品联合实验室;2. 中国石油西南管道公司

航空煤油;喷气燃料;成品油质量;微生物污染;储运安全

Discussion on quality assurance related issues in storage and transportation of aviation kerosene
WANG Yumo1, HU Jie1, LI Wang2, ZHOU Daijun2, JIANG Haibin2, LI Weijia1, YU Da1, GONG Jing1

1. College of Mechanical and Transportation Engineering, China University of Petroleum (Beijing)//National Engineering Laboratory for Pipeline Safety//MOE Key Laboratory of Petroleum Engineering//Beijing Key Laboratory of Urban Oil and Gas Distribution Technology//Joint Laboratory for Petroleum Fuel Commodities; 2. PetroChina Southwest Pipeline Company

aviation kerosene, jet fuel, quality of product oil, microbial contamination, storage and transportation safety

备注

航空煤油从生产到使用需要经过较多储存与运输环节,作为喷气式飞行器燃料,国家标准对其质量指标要求很高,各航空煤油生产、运输主体都非常重视检测油品质量变化情况。介绍了航空煤油从生产到使用的典型储存、运输过程,列举了近年来国内外发生的航空煤油质量安全事故,综述了航空煤油储存、运输环节中可能面临的质量问题,包括外来污染物、顺序输送混油、油品自身质量衰减等,总结了航空煤油储存、运输各环节的质量安全控制措施,以期为致力于保障航空煤油质量、降低航空煤油运输成本的工程人员及研究人员提供借鉴。(图2,参[56]

Aviation kerosene will go through numerous storage and transportation links from production to use. As the fuel of jet aircrafts, the aviation kerosene will follow the high requirements on the quality index specified in national standards. All aviation kerosene production and transportation entities attach great importance to the inspection of oil quality changes. In this paper, typical storage and transportation process of aviation kerosene from production to use was introduced, quality and safety accidents of aviation kerosene occurred in China and abroad in recent years were presented, and quality problems including foreign pollutants, mixed oil transported in sequence, quality attenuation of oil products, etc. that may occur in aviation kerosene storage and transportation were reviewed. The quality and safety assurance measures in aviation kerosene storage and transportation were additionally summarized, so as to provide reference for engineers and researchers committed to assuring the aviation kerosene quality and reducing the cost of aviation kerosene transportation. (2 Figures, 56 References)