基于风洞平台实验的内浮顶罐油气泄漏扩散数值模拟

常州大学石油工程学院

内浮顶罐;油气泄漏;风洞;油气质量浓度;数值模拟

Numerical simulation of oil vapor leakage and diffusion from inner floating roof tank based on wind tunnel platform experiment
HUANG Weiqiu, CHEN Feng, LYU Cheng, ZHANG Gao, HUANG Fengyu

School of Petroleum Engineering, Changzhou University

inner floating roof tank, oil vapor leakage, wind tunnel, mass concentration of oil vapor , numerical simulation

DOI: 10.6047/j.issn.1000-8241.2020.04.010

备注

研究内浮顶罐油气泄漏扩散规律,对于加强环境污染控制、保障罐区安全具有重要意义。建立风洞实验平台,测试小型内浮顶罐风速及浮盘位置对蒸发损耗速率的影响,并考察了风场、浓度场分布规律。基于CFD 数值模拟,使用UDF 导入环境风,建立了内浮顶罐油气泄漏扩散的数值模型,并通过风洞实验数据验证其模拟的可行性。重点讨论了内浮顶罐外风场及风压分布规律、风速对内浮顶罐油气流场分布及油气扩散浓度的影响。结果 表明:浮盘位置越低、风速越大,蒸发速率越快;罐壁的静压力分布规律为迎风侧最大、背风侧居中、罐两侧最小;不同风速下,罐内油气分布整体呈现对称状态;风速越小,油气质量浓度越高,浮盘缝隙处的油气质量浓度最高,并存在安全和环境污染隐患。研究成果对于内浮顶罐设计及运行维护、环保安全管理具有参考价值。(图 13,参[27]

Study on the law of oil vapor leakage and diffusion in inner floating roof tanks is of great significance for strengthening environmental pollution control and ensuring tank farm safety. The wind tunnel test platform was established to test the effects of wind speed and floating plate position on evaporation loss rate of small inner floating roof tank, and the distribution laws of wind field and concentration field were investigated. Based on CFD numerical simulation, the UDF was used to introduce environmental wind, the numerical model of oil vapor leakage and diffusion from inner floating roof tank was established, and the feasibility of the simulation was verified by wind tunnel experimental data. The distribution law of wind field and wind pressure outside the inner floating roof tank, as well as the influence of wind speed on the flow field distribution and the diffusion concentration of oil vapor in the inner floating roof tank, was emphatically discussed. The results show that the lower the floating plate position and the higher the wind speed, the faster the evaporation rate will be. The static pressure distributed on the tank wall is as follows: highest on windward wall, medium on leeward wall and lowest on the two side walls. Under different wind speeds, the distribution of oil vapor on the tank is symmetrical. The lower the wind speed, the higher the oil vapor mass concentration will be. The oil vapor concentration at the gap between floating plates is the highest, leaving hidden dangers of safety and environmental pollution. The research results are of reference value for the design, operation and maintenance of the inner floating roof tank and environmental protection and safety management. (13 Figures, 27 References)

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