无人机技术在油气管道巡护中的应用

1. 中国石油天然气集团有限公司保卫部;2. 大庆油田有限责任公司第一采油厂;3. 中国石油管道局工程有限公司

油气管道;无人机;巡护;安全管理

Application of unmanned aerial vehicle technology in patrolling oil/gas pipelines
HAO Xiaoping1, Huang Xiaowen1, Gao Zhigang2, Wang Liutao3

1. CNPC Security Department; 2. No.1 Oil Production Company, Daqing Oilfield Co. Ltd.;3. China Petroleum Pipeline Engineering Co. Ltd.

oil/gas pipeline, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), patrol, safety management

备注

中国长输油气管道具有运行里程长、分布范围广、沿线环境复杂等特点,提高管道安全管理水平,尤其是有效的线路巡护,对于减少管道安全事故、降低管道安全风险、保障管道平稳安全运行具有重要意义。受油气管道沿线地理条件限制和自然环境影响,传统的人工巡护方式表现出一定的局限性,制约了巡护质量和效率。为了解决该问题,研究利用无人机技术对油气管道进行巡护的方法,并结合油气管道企业实际情况开展了可行性验证。结果 表明:无人机巡护技术可以有效地弥补人工巡护方式的不足,同时降低巡护成本,提高巡护效率,能够促进油气管道企业现代化管理水平的提升,是未来管道巡护发展的重点方向。(表3,参[27]

China’s long-distance oil/gas pipelines are characterized by long operating mileage, wide distribution and complex environment along the pipelines. The study on the way to promote pipeline safety management level, especially in line patrol is of great significance to reduce pipeline safety accidents and risks and ensure smooth and safe operation of pipelines. Due to the limitation of geographical conditions and the influence of natural environment, the traditional manual patrol of oil/ gas pipelines has some limitations, which restrict patrol quality and efficiency. In this paper, the method of patrolling oil/gas pipelines by unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology was researched, and then combined with the actual situations of oil/ gas pipeline enterprises, its feasibility was verified. It is shown that UAV patrol technology can effectively compensate for the shortcomings of manual patrol mode, reduce patrol cost, improve work efficiency and promote modern management level of oil/gas pipeline, and it is the key development direction of pipeline patrol in the future. (3 Tables, 27 References)